Impressionism (1860-1886)
Barbizon school

 

 

 

Chronology

1855
Courbet shows paintings in his “Pavilion of Realism”.

1857
Millet’s Cleaners shown in Salon, and Courbet’s Young Women on the Banks of the Seine.


1859
Manet’s Absinthe Drinker rejected by Salon.


1861
Manet shows two paintings in Salon.


1863
Manet shows fourteen paintings at the Galerie Martinet; his Dejeuner sur l’herbe and other pictures appear in the Salon des Refuses; he marries Suzanne Leenhoff in October.


1864
Morisot, Renoir, and Pissarro make their first appearance in the Salon.


1865
Manet’s Olympia and Christ Mocked at the Salon; Degas and Monet make first appearance there.


1866
Monet’s Camille at the Salon. Zola begins to defend Manet in the press.


1867
Pissarro,Renoir, Sisley, and Monet rejected by Salon. Monet paints views of Paris from the Louvre; he spends the summer painting at Sainte-Adresse. Manet holds exhibition of his own work, as does Courbet; Manet begins painting of Maximilian’s execution.


1868

Manet, Cassatt, Degas, Morisot, Pissarro, Monet, Sisley, Bazille exhibit at the Salon. Morisot meets Degas and Manet.


1869
Manet summers in Boulogne. Monet and Renoir paint at La Grenouillere and Bougival.


1870

Monet marries Camille Doncieux in June; they go to Trouville for the summer, to England in the fall; Pissarro also in  England. The painter Bazille killed in the war; Renoir, Degas, and Manet in uniform but not under the fire.


1871
December: Monet settles in Argenteuil after fifteen month I England and Holland; Pissarro had returned in June.


1872

Cassatt’s first appearance at the Paris Salon. Manet moves to studio on rue de Saint-Petersbourg, near Gare Saint-Lazare. From October to march 1873, Degas visits family in New Orleans. Monet’s first full year at Argenteuil.


1874
First exhibition of the impressionists group; Manet never shows with them. Manet’s Railroad at Salon, his other works rejected. Manet and Renoir frequently paint with Monet at Argenteuil. Morisot paints at her sister’s estate at Maurecourt; in December she marries Manet’s bother Eugene. Cassatt settles in Paris.


1875
Manet’s Argenteuil at the Salon. Morisot paints at Gennevilliers, then at the Isle of Wight.


1876
Mallarme, L’Apres-midi d’un faune; in a London journal he publishes “The Impressionists and Edouard Manet”.


1877

Third exhibition of Impressionists; Riviere edits L’Impressioniste. Monet paints views of the Gare Saint-Lazare. Manet’s Nana rejected by Salon, shows on boulevard de Capucines. Cassatt meets Degas; her parents and sister move permanently to Paris.


1878
Monet and Hoschede families move to Vetheuil.


1879
Manet’s Boating and In the Conservatory, Renoir’s Mme Charpentier and her Children at the Salon. Fourth Impressionists exhibition; Cassatt and Gauguin included; Morisot and Renoir abstain.Renoir has one-artist show  at offices of La Vie Moderne, and shows at Salon. Death of Camille Monet; Monet and Alice Hoschede henceforth live together.


1880
Fifth Impressionists exhibition;Renoir and Monet abstain. Manet’s  Chez le Pere Lathuille at the Salon; his Execution of Maximilian exhibited in New York and Boston. Manet and Monet have one-artists shows at La Vie Moderne, Monet begins nearly annual campaigns of painting along Channel coast.


1881
Sixth impressionists exhibition; Monet and Renoir abstain ; Renoir travels to Algiers, then to Italy; Morisot summers at Bougival, Manet at Versailles.


1882
Seventh Impressionists exhibition; Degas  and Renoir abstain. Manet’s Bar at the Folies-Bergere and Spring at Salon; He is seriously ill.


1883

Durand-Ruel inaugurates one-artist shows of impressionists. Morisot moves t house on rue de Villejuste. Monet settles in Giverny. Death of Manet on 30 April.


1884
Retrospective exhibition of Manet’s work. Onset of Renoir’s “Ingres Period”; he drafts plan for a “Society of Irregularists”. Monet paints on Mediterranean coast.


1885

Pissarro meets Signac and Seurat, begins to paint in their mew manner , later called “Neo-Impressionism”. Monet paints at Etretat.


1886
Eighth and last Impressionists exhibition; Monet and Renoir abstain; Seurat (Sunday on the Island of the Grande Jatte) and Signac included. Durand-Ruel shows impressionists in  New York. Monet at Etretat in late winter, at Belle-Isle in autumn.

 

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